The beautiful atmospheric jungle-covered Ruins of Palenque in the Chiapas state is one of the most studied and documented Mayan archaeological ruins.
Jungle trails that lead to smaller plazas, temples, and limestone cascades waterfalls deep in the jungle nearby, make Palenque Ruins unique in their own way.
As important as Chichen Itza, Uxmal and Tikal in architectural magnificence and historical significance, Palenque ruins are a UNESCO Heritage site, as a testimony to the mythology and resources of the Maya.
Located in the Tumbalá mountains at 400 from the Riviera Maya, Palenque is thought to have been populated from 226 BC to around 799 AD. The settlement flourished in the 7th Century under the rule of Pakal. Its population came close to almost one million inhabitants, which in turn led to its decline since the natural resources of the area were just not enough to sustain everybody. People living here slowly abandoned the site, and the jungle quickly took over the reign.
Palenque ruins overlook the jungle below. The Mayan builders and architects of Palenque balanced the landscape with platforms, temples and palaces, which created an artful harmony at the settlement. The city is surrounded by cedar, mahogany, and sapodilla trees. The site is 1780 hectares with 1,400 documented buildings, but less than 10% of the city is excavated and at its height, Palenque dominated parts of five countries; Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Mexico.
The buildings are historically significant for their extensive hieroglyphics that tell stories and show historical facts. The ruins located at the Northern Complex feature carved stones with attributes that correspond to Mayan Warriors. They tell the story of the many wars that they fought against the rival cities of Tikal and Calakmul.
Here you have a sneak peak of this Mexican beauty:
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